Diabetes (Metabolic Disorders) is a disease that occurs when a person has a high level of blood glucose for one of two reasons. Either their body actively does not produce insulin or their body does not respond to insulin. Sometimes a person can suffer from both. Frequent urination and/or increased thirst and hunger could be an early sign that a person has high blood sugar levels.
There are three type of diabetes. Type I, II and III. Type I diabetes, known as early on-set diabetes, juvenile diabetes or insulin dependent diabetes, generally develops BEFORE the age of 40. It occurs when the body's immune system attacks and destroys certain cells in the pancreas. Unfortunately, an individual who has Diabetes Type I has to actively take insulin for the rest of their life.
As scary as diabetes type one is Type II. This form is more common and occurs when a person's body can either not produce enough insulin or not react to insulin. Over 90% of all new diabetic patients are diagnosed with Type II. Primarily, Type II diabetes occurs because a person is obese and lacking a nutritious regular diet. If the patient does not get help or lose the proper weight, diabetes can kill them. Type II diabetes is a progressive disease and the risk of getting it increases with age, and with extremely poor eating habits. Most doctors believe that there is a direct correlation between age and Type II diabetes because people are generally less active, the older they get. Other risk factors include:
- A person having a close family member with the illness
- Ethnicity (blacks & Hispanics are more likely to suffer from diabetes)
- Men with low testosterone levels
- Having pre-diabetes (Diabetes Type I)
Type III diabetes, known as gestational diabetes usually happens to women during their pregnancy. The great news about gestational diabetes is that it can be controlled with a healthy diet and blood glucose controlling medication. The important thing is that women understand their bodies and get frequent checkups to ensure their bodies are healthy during pregnancy and after the delivery.
If diabetes is less untreated, the following may occur:
- Irreparable kidney damage
- Neurological damage
- Cardiovascular damage
- Loss of Vision
- Ulcers (mainly of the liver)
- Reduced sensation in your nerve endings
- Poor circulation, resulting in Amputation of feet
Diabetes has to be treated. A person who is suffering from diabetes should immediately consult with their doctor about possible treatments. The doctor will likely advise you of how to manage your blood sugar on a regular basis. Also, since 90% of Diabetes Type II occur because of unhealthy eating habits, you will probably have to make major changes in both your diet and your exercise routine. The key is not to give up all of the foods that you love, only minimize them to a level where you create a healthy balanced meal.
Taking Control Over your diabetes!
Written By: Te-Shandra Haskett, MBA
"If God be for us, who can be against us? (Romans 8:31),"